The road map for the next four years of the government of Gustavo Petro was embodied in the National Development Plan 2022-2026a 321-page document that was filed yesterday in Congress after several months of preparation in which citizens participated thanks to the 51 binding regional dialogues that took place in different parts of the country.

(You can also read: Vice Minister of Pensions left because «reform is not carried out responsibly»)

The Plan, which had changes until the last minute, has total peace as its transversal axis and estimates that the country will have public investments by 2026 for a value of 1,154.8 trillion pesos. These will come from 50 percent of the General Budget of the Nation and 23 percent from the General Participation System.

The team of National Planning Department (DNP), Headed by Jorge Iván González, he was in charge of condensing the more than 89,000 citizen proposals that came from the municipalities to build the document called ‘Colombia, world power of life’.

“This is the first development plan that places the territory at the center. We have made this bet among all of us. We went from a participatory democracy to a representative democracy”, said González at the filing of the project.

What follows will be that the joint economic commissions of the Congress discuss the articles, the text would go to plenary in April and the maximum term to approve it would be until May 7.

what brings

The plan contemplates several reforms, such as the social or rural protection system; gives extraordinary powers to the President to create or merge entities; and he even talks about creating a universal income registry or a National Council of the Popular Economy.

«You have to boost the credit that comes from the popular economy, which is that of San Victorino, that of the micro-entrepreneur lady, that of the search…», assured President Gustavo Petro.

One of the most important changes that the Petro government’s roadmap brings is the creation of a new transfer system to support the population in situations of poverty and vulnerability. This would be coordinated by the Administrative Department for Social Prosperity (DPS) and would be divided into monetary transfers –conditional and unconditional– and transfers in kind. For the latter, the ‘Zero Hunger’ program would be created, through which resources in kind would be delivered to people to guarantee their food.

likewise the Plan establishes the creation of the Universal Income Registry (RUI), which will be administered by the National Planning Department (DNP) with the purpose of determining the targeting of subsidies, programs, policies, plans, projects and services of the social offer.

The National Government, through the Administrative Department of the Public Function, will also lead the design and implementation of a plan for the formalization of public employment that contributes since the bodies, agencies and entities of the Public Administration test all the positions of the plants personnel, the creation of new forms of ties with the State and rational use of contracting for the provision of services.

new faculties

The document also specifies that it would give extraordinary powers to the President for six months to create, divide, merge, suppress, integrate or modify the legal nature of entities of the Executive Branch; make the necessary budget modifications to finance the necessary operating and investment expenses; o regulate the alternative uses of the coca plant and cannabis for medicinal, therapeutic and scientific purposes.

The Plan also talks about creating the National Council for Cultural and Creative Economies, the National Registry for the Reduction of Emissions and Removal of Greenhouse Gases, the National Council for the Fight against Deforestation and other environmental crimes or the National Search System for Persons declared Disappeared in the context and due to the armed conflict.

The Government of Gustavo Petro is presenting in the Congress of the Republic the bill of the National Development Plan 2022-2026.

Photo:

Cesar Melgarejo/El Tiempo

rural reforms

With the objective of ordering the territory around water and environmental justice, there is talk of comprehensive rural reform, of protecting and conserving ecosystems or of avoiding uncontrolled urban expansion in metropolitan areas and cities. The idea will be to reduce the geographic area of ​​land conflicts, formalize the titles that grant access to land, and increase the updated area of ​​the multipurpose cadastre.

In this last point, there is talk of creating and implementing mechanisms for multipurpose cadastral management in territories of ethnic communities, in order to modify, add or delete paperwork, processes, procedures, information systems and requirements related to the provision of the public service of cadastral management according to a differential scheme regulated by the National Government.

In order to reduce the existing lag in cadastral appraisals, advance in the development of agrarian reform and the strengthening of territorial public finances, the cadastral appraisal of all properties in the country will be adjusted during 2023, in accordance with a methodology and procedure that for the effect will develop the Agustín Codazzi Geographic Institute (Igac).

Likewise, there is talk of having mechanisms to facilitate and energize the land purchase processes for compliance with point 1 of the Peace Agreement for the termination of the conflict and the construction of peace.

climate action

The transformation will point towards diversified productive activities that take advantage of biodiversity and ecosystem services, that are intensive in knowledge and innovation, that respect and guarantee human rights and contribute to building resilience in the face of climate shocks.

For example, it will implement the plan to contain deforestation in the main active areas of deforestation, cWith emphasis on the Amazon, and considering the municipalities of the Development Programs with a Territorial Approach (Pdet), to transform them into nuclei of forestry and biodiversity development.

The document also says that the generation of renewable energies will be accelerated and technologies that develop the potential of wind, solar, geothermal, biomass and other unconventional energy will be promoted as a strategy to democratize energy and encourage the reduction of tariffs. of energy through the use of green energy.